Local Community Empowerment
The Syrian regime had already severely increased its siege and shelling of Eastern Ghouta at the end of 2017. In February 2018, the level of attacks increased in intensity and frequency with a strong backing of the Russian military airplanes. Deliberate targeting of hospitals, medical points and civil defense locations (the White Helmets) prepared the area for a massive ground attack that continued despite the UNSC resolution calling for a ceasefire.
Ultimately, the regime took control of the area by the end of March leaving the option to those who want to leave the area. According to the UN, around 67,000 people of the estimated 350,000 inhabitants of Eastern Ghouta took the road to the north of Syria. Around 75,000 people of those who ran for their lives during the attack were held in detention camps while the others stayed in their massively destroyed homes watching helplessly the soldiers of the regime looting the houses of their neighbors who had left.
Few months after, the regime backed by Russia turned its forces towards the south, attacking the areas in Daraa that
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